• Portrait of a Merchant F.A. Guchkov

    Artist:
    Anonymous Artist
    Technique:
    oil
    Dimensions:
    71х81 cm

Anonymous Artist

Portrait of a Merchant F.A. Guchkov

Russia, 1840-1850s

Feodor Alexeyevich Guchkov (1779–1856) was the founder of a prominent Moscow merchant dynasty. He was descended from house serfs of a court councillor’s wife name Belavina who owned an estate in the Maloyaroslavets district of Kaluga province. He worked at a spinning and weaving mill in Moscow and saved enough money to buy his own and his family’s freedom. In the late 1790s he founded his own weaving business. He became a merchant of the third guild in 1814 and of the second guild in 1815. In 1835 he was made a hereditary honorary citizen and a member of the first guild. However, Feodor Guchkov belonged to an Old Believers sect and in 1851 he was prosecuted for “organizing a schismatic prayer chapel in his house”. On 27 January 1854 he was banished from Moscow “for illegal schismatic activities” and lived out his days under police supervision in Petrozavodsk. After his death, his property was divided between his two sons, Yefim and Ivan, with Yefim getting the mill. When Yefim died in 1859, the business was continued by his sons, Ivan, Nikolai and Feodor.

Title:

Portrait of a Merchant F.A. Guchkov

Place:

Date:

Material:

Technique:

oil

Dimensions:

71х81 cm

Acquisition date:

Entered the Hermitage in 1946; handed over from The State Museum of Ethnography of Peoples of the USSR, Leningrad

Inventory Number:

ЭРЖ-361

Category: